|Taman is an unforgettable place with rich history and culture. More than two and a half millennia civilization and statehood are constantly present here. Different people lived here at different times, each time introducing something special to this region. There are not so many places in Russia which could boast of such history and such unique monuments. Powerful layers of the antique Greek civilization, Byzantine culture, early Middle ages, christianity which appeared here already in 4-5 centuries, the ancient Russian Tmutarakan principality are preserved in monuments, legends, written sources.
Taman is a real treasury for the people who are fond of history.
Apart from rich history the Taman Peninsula has a unique nature. From the north the peninsula is washed by the Taman gulf of the Azov sea, from the West it is washed by the Kerch strait, from the South - by the Black sea. The Taman Peninsula has gained its modern appearance rather recently and in antique time consisted of several islands divided by water. Numerous estuaries, the richest plant and animal life, landscapes charming in their noble simplicity, more than 30 mud volcanoes possessing medical properties, vineyards on the slopes of the low hills that give fine Taman wines which are known far beyond Krasnodar Krai. And this all is Taman land.
In the ancient times the peninsula was inhabited by Scythian tribes. During antique times it became a part of the Bospor kingdom which population was represented by Greeks, Sarmatians, Jews and other people. On the Taman Peninsula there were also the Greek colonies called Germonassa and Fanagoriya. After a long period of wars when the Taman Peninsula passed from one tribe to another, Taman land was joined to the Russian Empire during the Russian-Turkish war. And at the end of the 18th century the Zaporozhye Cossacks landed on the Taman coast by the decree of Ekaterina II. The Cossack village Taman was the largest settlement. Near the Taman village are the well-known historical settlements Germonassa and Tmutarakan which are included in the list of world cultural heritage sites of UNESCO. The first orthodox church was built on this land and thus the history of Kuban began. Based on these facts, exactly here, on the Lysaia mountain in the Taman village, the exact copy of the Cossack village of that time, an ethnotourist complex of Ataman, was created.
Ataman is a natural ethnographic standard of the Kuban cossack culture, extremely diverse, beautiful and generous. It is the largest and unique open-air museum which will take you to hundreds of years ago and allow you to feel the spirit of the Cossacks, their unbending will and boundless freedom. The fresh and clean air, babble of birds, sound of the sea, a beautiful Cossack woman welcoming guests with bread and salt, cozy kurens with homespun rugs on the floor and old spinning wheels in the corner.
Here you can feel for yourself what the Cossack life was really like: to hold chapigs of the plow, maw the grass, flail, try dishes of the traditional Kuban cuisine.